Organic Cities Initiative
(Promoting the development of Organic Cities & communities)
Nepal is rich in natural resources with climate diversity. More than 67 % people are involved in agriculture for sustaining life and livelihood. Most of the people adopt traditional agriculture system. Excessive and haphazard use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has made adverse impacts on environment and human health.
At least 83% of farmers in Nepal are using pesticides, often excessively. Hundreds of farmers use pesticides everyday in Nepal without Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) or any background safety knowledge. The farmers using pesticides are found to have suffered from side effects such as headaches, respiratory problems and memory loss – symptoms which can be traced directly back to pesticide poisoning. Pesticides have been linked to carcinogenic, mutagenic and tetragenic properties, and, according to the WHO, 20,000 commercial farmers die from pesticide exposure and poisoning annually.
Organic agriculture systems promote environmentally, socially and economically sound production of crops with respect to the natural capacity of plants and local conditions. It aims to optimize quality production. Taking into account of excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and its adverse impacts on environment and human health, mission organic initiative has been launched. The main objective of the initiative is to inspire and work together with emerging cities and communities for developing organic cities/communities.
Organic city (Chapakot municipality)
Chapakot municipality, Syangja district is one of the greenest cities in Nepal, endowed with fascinating natural beauty and biodiversity, dense forest, river and streams, geography, cultural diversity and adequate, appropriate and highly fertile land.
With an objective to preserve environment and improve socio-economic situation of people, Chapakot Municipality has decided to become Nepal’s first organic city in 10 years. In response to the advice, request and proposal of Mr. BK Shrestha, on 23rd April, Chapakot municipality of Syangja district officially decided and declared to develop it as an organic city and all the villages into organic villages in 10 years. Mr. BK had spoken about organic city development to generate awareness, educate, inspire and convince the 52 city council members.
The Municipality has made an action plan with several strategies to achieve this goal. The Municipality has set up community based agriculture schools in different communities of the municipality in the name of “Prangarik Pathshala”, to educate, provide training and extension services to the farmers about organic farming.
Green Institute’s role:
Green Institute is one of the major implementing partners of “Organic Cities” Initiative. GI will technically assist the cities and communities to plan and design organic cities/communities in Nepal.